The Maghreb ( Moroccan , Algeria , Tunisia , Mauritania ) characterized by Historical monuments and wonderful landscapes , it is enjoyable visting and discovering it , and knowing more about the old cultures of arabe nations, and the buildings that has an old age , be sure that if you go to one of this countries without visiting those monuments you would miss a lot of amazing moments .
1- Hassan hermitage :
One of the most prominent landmarks of the Moroccan capital Rabat, built during the Almohad era, up to 180 meters high, classified by the “UNESCO” world heritage, due to its inherent architectural nature, and the uniqueness of the silo compared to other historical monuments.
The hermitage , built by Sultan Ya’qub al-Muwahidi, is next to a large mosque, and the mausoleum of the late monarchs, Mohammed V and Hassan II, is commemorated annually.
2 – Koutoubia Mosque :
Located in the city of Marrakech in central Morocco, it was also built during the reign of the Almohads in 1147, and its name was inspired by the place built near it, a place where the work of writers and calligraphers.
This mosque draws on Andalusian architecture and has 17 galleries covering an area of 5,300 square meters. The building was completed in 1158,that what makes it one of the “red city” landmarks and a destination for a large number of foreign tourists.
3 – Kasbah of Algeria :
One of the most prominent landmarks of the capital Algeria, was a major center of the Ottomans during their reign of Algeria, and includes a large number of palaces such as “Palace of the Dai” and “Dar Aziza” in addition to “Palace of the Rias”, and several mosques, most notably the “Great Mosque”.
The history of this Kasbah dates back to 2000 years, and has undergone many transformations, from the era of the Senghis, through the period of Ottoman rule, up to the period of French colonialism.
4 – Our Lady of Africa :
Founded in 1872, the most prominent cathedral in Algeria, the French supervised its construction after their occupation of Algeria, and classified by the “UNESCO” one of the most prominent historical monuments in Algeria in September 2012.
The cathedral bore the banner of coexistence between Muslims and Christians. One of the most prominent evidence of this is the phrase “Our African Lady is praying for us as well as Muslims”, the manuscript on one of its walls.
5 – City of Kairouan :
Kairouan is a city that joined the UNESCO World Heritage List. It dates back to the Punic civilization, the first civilization of the Western Mediterranean, a civilization coming from the Middle East but adapted in Africa and established the empire, which extended from Sardinia to Spain. Kairouan is also known for its ancient streets and houses.
6 – Bardo Museum :
It is the oldest and most important Tunisian museum, erected more than a century ago in a palace of the Bayes palace, the largest part of which was built in the mid-nineteenth century, and has been renovated and improved to keep pace with the increasing visitors.
This museum contains thousands of excavations, which were discovered in the country during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and are assembled in sections and distributed in about fifty halls and galleries to give a picture of the stages that Tunisia made from the prehistoric era to the middle of the last century.
7 – Wadan City :
It is one of the first cities in Mauritania, built in 1142, and renames it to its location where it is bordered by two valleys, the first “Wadi Alam” and the second “Valley of the Palm.”
According to the Mauritanian News Agency, one of its retribution, “Wadane” has a representative of the National Foundation for the Protection of Old Towns, which contains many rare manuscripts and precious books, as well as tremendous tourism and cultural capabilities such as: “Old Town” and “feather dog.”